Elucidating a Thermoresponsive Multimodal Photo-Chemotherapeutic Nanodelivery Vehicle to Overcome the Barriers of Doxorubicin Therapy
Jyothi B. Nair, Manu M. Joseph,
Jayadev S. Arya, Padincharapad Sreedevi, Palasseri T. Sujai and Kaustabh Kumar Maiti*
In an attempt to circumvent the major pitfalls associated with conventional chemotherapy including drug resistance and off-target toxicity, we have adopted a strategy to simultaneously target both mitochondrial DNA (Mt-DNA) and nuclear DNA (n-DNA) with the aid of a targeted theranostic nanodelivery vehicle (TTNDV). Herein, folic acid-anchored psulfo-calixarene (SC4)-capped hollow gold nanoparticles (HGNPs) were meticulously loaded with antineoplastic doxorubicin (Dox) and its mitochondrion-targeted analogue, Mt-Dox, in a pretuned ratio (1:100) for sustained thermoresponsive release of cargo. This therapeutic strategy was enabled to eradicate both nDNA and Mt-DNA leaving no space to develop drug resistance. The SC4-capped HGNPs (HGNPSC4) were experimented for the first time as a photothermal (PTT) agent with 61.6% photothermal conversion efficiency, and they generated tunable localized heat more efficiently than bare HGNPs. Moreover, the cavity of SC4 facilitated the formation of an inclusion complex with folic acid to target the folate receptor expressing cancer cells and imparted enhanced biocompatibility. The as-synthesized TTNDV was demonstrated to be an ideal substrate for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) to monitor the molecular-level therapeutic progression in cells and a spheroidal model. A significant reduction in the tumor mass with a marked survival benefit was achieved in syngraft murine models through this synergistic photo-chemotherapy. Collectively, this multifunctional nanoplatform offers a robust approach to treat cancer without any scope of generating Dox resistance and off-target toxicity.
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020, 12, 39, 43365–43379 (IF : 9.22)