Targeted Theranostic Nano Vehicle Endorsed with Self-Destruction and Immunostimulatory Features to Circumvent Drug Resistance and Wipe-Out Tumor Reinitiating Cancer Stem Cells
Manu M. Joseph,* Adukkadan N. Ramya, Vineeth M. Vijayan, Jyothi B. Nair, Blossom T. Bastian, Raveendran K. Pillai, Sreelekha T. Therakathinal,* and Kaustabh K. Maiti*
The downsides of conventional cancer monotherapies are profound and enormously consequential, as drug-resistant cancer cells and cancer stem cells (CSC) are typically not eliminated. Here, a targeted theranostic nano vehicle (TTNV) is designed using manganese-doped mesoporous silica nanoparticle with an ideal surface area and pore volume for co-loading an optimized ratio of antineoplastic doxorubicin and a drug efflux inhibitor tariquidar. This strategically framed TTNV is chemically conjugated with folic acid and hyaluronic acid as a dual-targeting entity to promote folate receptor (FR) mediated cancer cells and CD44 mediated CSC uptake, respectively. Interestingly, surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy is exploited to evaluate the molecular changes associated with therapeutic progression. Tumor microenvironment selective biodegradation and immunostimulatory potential of the MSN-Mn core are safeguarded with a chitosan coating which modulates the premature cargo release and accords biocompatibility. The superior antitumor response in FR-positive syngeneic and CSC-rich human xenograft murine models is associated with a tumor-targeted biodistribution, favorable pharmacokinetics, and an appealing bioelimination pattern of the TTNV with no palpable signs of toxicity. This dual drug-loaded nano vehicle offers a feasible approach for efficient cancer therapy by on demand cargo release in order to execute complete wipe-out of tumor reinitiating cancer stem cells.
Small, 2020, 16, 2003309 ( IF: 13.28)