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Predicting Correlations in Abrasive Waterjet Cutting Parameters of Lanthanum Phosphate/Yttria Composite by Response Surface Methodology


Lanthanum phosphate composite machined using abrasive waterjet machining.
Response Surface Methodology is used to analyze each individual parameter.
•Microstructural study reveals the plastic deformation surface.
•Optimal machining conditions are suggested for each output responses.


The machining property of Lanthanum phosphate/Yttria prepared by the aqueous sol-gel process is evaluated using abrasive waterjet machine. Jet pressure, Stand-off distance, and traverse speed are taken as the governing parameters on material removal rate, kerf angle and surface profile roughness. Silicon carbide 80 mesh size is taken as abrasive. A linear cut is done on the composite of geometry Ø30 mm and 7 mm thickness for the L20 orthogonal array to study the process correlation that exhibits between the independent parameters. The equations are predicted through response surface methodology are evaluated. From the observations, jet pressure has found to have a significant effect on material removal rate and kerf angle whereas, traverse speed significantly affects surface profile to the greater extent. The microscopic examination of the kerf surface reveals the plastic deformation surface, wear track and presence of more numbers of valley and peaks regions in the top kerf surface. The study on this new functional composite will improve the utilization of the composite and will be a database for the researchers, to improve and extends the usage of the composite for different applications.

Graphical abstract